2019 Federal rental assistance factsheets sources and methodology center on budget and policy neuro physiotherapy assessment forms priorities

To create the federal rental assistance factsheets for the 50 neuro physiotherapy assessment forms states, district of columbia, and the united states, CBPP analyzed administrative data from the department of housing and neuro physiotherapy assessment forms urban development (HUD) and the department of agriculture (USDA). In addition to public sources, we relied on a non-public dataset from HUD’s office of policy development and research (available through a research agreement) to analyze demographic characteristics of households using HUD rental assistance. We also estimated the unmet need for housing assistance among neuro physiotherapy assessment forms all low-income households using the american community survey.

• HOPWA counts are from grantee performance profiles for 2017-2018. HOPWA counts are only available for households. We assume all households are single individuals, which may be an undercount of total people served. We include households receiving tenant-based rental assistance or living in permanent housing facilities that neuro physiotherapy assessment forms receive operating subsidies.

• public housing, section 8 project-based rental assistance, supportive housing for the elderly, and supportive housing for disabled persons program data are from neuro physiotherapy assessment forms HUD’s 2018 picture of subsidized households dataset. We estimated the number of households in each program by neuro physiotherapy assessment forms multiplying total units by the occupancy rate. Total units were substituted for households if the occupancy rate neuro physiotherapy assessment forms was unavailable.

Some funds authorized under the native american housing assistance and neuro physiotherapy assessment forms self determination act and HOME investment partnership program are used neuro physiotherapy assessment forms by some grantees for rental assistance. However, we exclude these households because HUD does not publish detailed neuro physiotherapy assessment forms demographic data for households receiving rental assistance through these programs.

Share of rental assistance recipients who are seniors, children, or people with disabilities: this figure represents the percentage of federal rental assistance recipients neuro physiotherapy assessment forms who are over age 61; under age 18; or are between the ages of 18 and 61 and neuro physiotherapy assessment forms have a disability. See “people using federal rental assistance” for sources. See “people with disabilities receiving federal rental assistance” for HUD’s definition of disability and assumptions we used to count neuro physiotherapy assessment forms people with disabilities.

Ratio of low-income people who are homeless or pay more than half neuro physiotherapy assessment forms their income in rent: this figure is based on counts of people experiencing homelessness neuro physiotherapy assessment forms from HUD’s 2018 annual homelessness assessment report to congress, and our estimates of all low-income renters and low-income renters paying more than half their income for housing neuro physiotherapy assessment forms using the 2017 american community survey (ACS) public use microdata sample. See “low-income people and households paying more than half their income neuro physiotherapy assessment forms for rent” for more details.

Seniors receiving federal rental assistance: federal rental assistance programs consider anyone 62 or older to neuro physiotherapy assessment forms be a senior. These demographic categories are not mutually exclusive — for instance, a senior citizen with a disability would be counted in neuro physiotherapy assessment forms the persons with disabilities category and in the seniors category. See “people using federal rental assistance” for sources.

People in families with children receiving federal rental assistance: we considered people living in households with a person under neuro physiotherapy assessment forms age 18 to be a family with children. We made several assumptions to adjust for differences in demographic neuro physiotherapy assessment forms data across programs. We included children receiving USDA rural rental assistance, but data were not available on the number of adults neuro physiotherapy assessment forms living with children. We included families with children as well as child-only households receiving mckinney-vento assistance. We excluded all households assisted by HOPWA due to lack neuro physiotherapy assessment forms of demographic data; however, most other HUD households headed by a person with a neuro physiotherapy assessment forms disability do not include children.

Federal rental assistance recipients in rural areas and small towns: we relied on the housing assistance council’s census tract geographies to determine how many federal rental neuro physiotherapy assessment forms assistance recipients resided in these areas. Rural areas are census tracts with less than 16 housing neuro physiotherapy assessment forms units per square mile. Small towns areas are census tracts with 16 to 64 neuro physiotherapy assessment forms housing units per square mile and a low degree of neuro physiotherapy assessment forms commuting to a metropolitan core area identified by a USDA neuro physiotherapy assessment forms rural urban commuting area code score of 4 or higher.

The USDA’s multi-family section 514 and 514 active projects list only reports neuro physiotherapy assessment forms households receiving rural rental assistance. For this calculation, we treat those households as single individuals, which results in a slight undercount of total people served. (most households receiving USDA rural rental assistance are single individuals.) detailed location data are not available for other rental assistance neuro physiotherapy assessment forms programs.

Median rent (including utilities): median monthly housing costs (rent and utilities) are from the 2017 american community survey. Figures for 2017 are from table B25064, “median gross rent,” available on the census bureau’s american factfinder website. To calculate the percent change since 2001, we used the 2001 american community survey public use microdata neuro physiotherapy assessment forms sample’s (ACS PUMS) monthly gross rent variable (GRNTP) to estimate median monthly rental housing costs . This variable includes a household’s monthly rent plus estimated average monthly cost of utilities neuro physiotherapy assessment forms (electricity, gas, water, and sewer) and fuels (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.) if these are the responsibility of the renter. We adjusted this value for inflation using the consumer price neuro physiotherapy assessment forms index for all urban consumers (CPI-U) before calculating the percent change since 2017.

Chart – rental costs have risen dramatically: median monthly housing costs (rent and utilities) and median renter household income are from the american community neuro physiotherapy assessment forms survey. We used data from table B25064, “median gross rent,” and table B25119, “median household income in the past 12 months by tenure,” for years 2005-2017, available on the census bureau’s factfinder website.

We used the ACS PUMS’ monthly gross rent variable (GRNTP) (described above) and annual household income variable (HINCP) for years 2001-2004. Household income includes: wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, and tips from all jobs; self-employment income (net income after business expenses) from non-farm or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships; interest, dividends, net rental income, royalty income, or income from real estates and trusts; social security or railroad retirement; supplemental security income; any public assistance or welfare payments from the state or neuro physiotherapy assessment forms locality; retirement, survivor or disability pensions; and any other regularly received income (e.G., veterans’ payments, unemployment compensation, child support, or alimony).

Low-income people and households paying more than half their income neuro physiotherapy assessment forms for rent: we used the 2017 ACS PUMS to estimate the number neuro physiotherapy assessment forms of low-income people and households paying more than half their income neuro physiotherapy assessment forms for rent. HUD considers households to be “low income” if their cash income is 80 percent or less of neuro physiotherapy assessment forms the local area median income (AMI), typically set at the metropolitan area or county level.

The ACS PUMS data use public use microdata areas (pumas) as the primary geographic unit. PUMAs partition each state into non-overlapping areas containing about 100,000 residents. Since pumas do not always correspond to county boundaries, we needed to make approximate matches between PUMA households and neuro physiotherapy assessment forms counties. Using the census bureau’s census tract-to-PUMA and census tract-to-county geographic relationship files, we developed a PUMA-to-county code crosswalk, which we weighted by the share of renter households earning neuro physiotherapy assessment forms less than $75,000 in each county in each PUMA. We used this crosswalk to generate geographical relationships between pumas neuro physiotherapy assessment forms and counties, allowing us to assign ACS household records to counties and, subsequently, to HUD’s metro- and county-based 2017 area median incomes.

We used the ACS PUMS’s monthly gross rent variable (GRNTP) and annual household income variable (HINCP) (described above) to determine whether a household paid half or more of neuro physiotherapy assessment forms its income for housing. Households with negative income and households that did not pay neuro physiotherapy assessment forms rent were excluded from the analysis. Households with zero income and renters that pay no rent neuro physiotherapy assessment forms but do pay monthly utilities were included in the analysis. We considered households with zero income and positive housing costs neuro physiotherapy assessment forms to be paying more than half their income for rent.

School-age children in unstable housing: data on the number of school-age children in unstable housing are from the education department’s ED data express tables for unstably housed students enrolled neuro physiotherapy assessment forms during school year 2016-2017. The education department considers children to be in unstable housing neuro physiotherapy assessment forms if they are in shelters, transitional housing, or awaiting foster care; doubled up with other families; in hotels or motels; or in places not designed for human habitation.

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